Land Tenure Improvement

The Land Tenure Improvement (LTI) component seeks to secure the tenurial status of the farmers and farm workers in the lands they till. It is operationalized either through land acquisition and distribution (LAD) or leasehold operations. LAD involves the redistribution of government and private agricultural lands to landless farmers and farm workers. It secures farmers' tenure, promotes social equity, and provides them with necessary productive resources needed to ensure their economic viability and productivity. Leasehold operations, on the other hand, is the alternative non-land transfer scheme. It covers all tenanted agricultural lands such those in the retained areas, not yet acquired for distribution under CARP, and those which may be validly covered under existing laws. With the enactment of RA 9700 or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms in 2009, LAD will be completed by June 30, 2014 on a province-by-province basis.

All of the remaining agricultural lands that are not acquired and undistributed shall be acquired and be distributed as follows:

Phase I (01 July 2009 to 30 June 2012)

  • All remaining lands above fifty (50) hectares
  • All private agricultural lands with aggregate landholdings in excess of fifty (50) hectares which have already been issued Notices of Coverage (NOCs) on or before Dec. 10, 2008
  • Rice and corn lands under PD 27 | idle and abandoned lands | Voluntary Offer to Sell (VOS) lands
  • All lands foreclosed by government financial institutions (GFIs), PCGG-acquired lands and other government-owned lands
  • Voluntary Land Transfer (VLT) submitted by June 30, 2009 (before effectivity)
  • Only VOS & Compulsory Acquisition (CA) are allowed after June 30, 2009

Phase II-A (01 July 2009 to 30 June 2012)

  • All alienable and disposable, arable public agricultural lands;
  • All public agricultural lands which are to be opened for new development and resettlement;
  • Aggregate above 24-50 hectares issued NOCs on or before 10 December 2008) 

Phase II-B (01 July 2012 to 30 June 2013)

  • Remaining lands in excess of 24 hectares whether or not issued with NOCs 

Phase III-A (01 July 2012 to 30 June 2013)

  • 10-24 hectares, insofar as excess of 10 hectares 

Phase III-B (01 July 2013 to 30 June 2014)  

  • Above 5 hectares to 10 hectares
  • Schedule of LAD shall be in accordance with the above order of priority with the following: 

    • Exemptions: priority land reform areas as declared by PARC (Presidential Agrarian Reform Council) ExeCom upon recommendation of the PARCCOM (Provincial Agrarian Reform Coordinating Committee) may be covered in advance provided that prior phases have been completed

    • Phase III-B (5-10 hectares) shall not be implemented until 90% of the provincial balance as of Jan. 1, 2009 has been completed.
Under RA 6657 or the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (from 1987 to June 2009), the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) covered 2,321,064 has. of private agricultural lands and 1, 727, 054 has. Non-private agricultural lands covering a total of 4, 049, 018 has. This is equivalent to 2, 396, 857 ARBs installed. Congruently, under RA 9700 (July 2009 – December 2012), 196,055 has. private agricultural lands and 209,151 has. of non-private agricultural lands were distributed. This total to 405,187 has. equivalent to 210,586 ARBs installed. 

Strategic Directions up to 2014

To substantially complete asset reform as mandated by RA 9700, the DAR shall:

  • Complete land acquisition and distribution (LAD) in the CARPER balance
  • Prioritize the subdivision of collective Certificates of Land Ownership Awards (CLOAs) involving LBP-compensable lands
  • Fast track the documentation and settlement of landowner compensation for already distributed lands
  • Synergize and rationalize the efforts of the CARP implementing agencies in all processes of LAD
  • Partner with the civil society organizations in the delivery of LTI services, particularly the large-sized private agricultural lands
  • Adopt a job-sharing scheme under the ONE-DAR Concept; and
  • Increase the utilization of the services of geodetic engineers to assist in land acquisition