ROBERTO M. PAGDANGANAN

sec rpagdanganan

ROBERTO M. PAGDANGANAN, Secretary, DAR (January 20, 2003- January 20, 2004)

The administration of Secretary Roberto Pagdanganan continued with the Bayan-Anihan CARP Framework to support President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s poverty alleviation thrusts. This framework provides for the transformation of the Philippine Countryside into vibrant and dynamic communities through the Program’s focused intervention under the agrarian reform communities (ARC) Strategy. 

With this, Program Beneficiaries Development (PBD) component of the DAR increased tremendously thru foreign assisted projects in the agrarian reform communities. Part of its success was brought about by the efficient manner  Secretary Pagdanganan  handled the development efforts and support services provided in the agrarian reform communities.

As regards to Agrarian Justice Delivery (AJD), DAR through his leadership carried out two programs namely agrarian legal assistance (ALA) under the Bureau of Agrarian Legal Assistance and the adjudication of agrarian cases thru the DAR Adjudication Board (DARAB). Various mechanisms were instituted to reduce agrarian cases. 

NASSER S. PANGANDAMAN, AL. HAJ.

NASSER C. PANGANDAMAN, Secretary, DAR (July 11, 2005 to July 2009)


In support to Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s poverty alleviation thrusts,  the administration of Secretary Hernani Braganza, Secretary Roberto Pagdanganan, Secretary Jose Mari Ponce, Secretary Rene Villa and Secretary Nasser Pangandaman embarked on the Bayan-Anihan CARP framework. This framework provides for the transformation of the Philippine Countryside into vibrant and dynamic communities through the Program’s focused intervention under the agrarian reform communities (ARC) Strategy. 

With this, Program Beneficiaries Development (PBD) component of the DAR increased tremendously thru foreign assisted projects in the agrarian reform communities. Part of its success was brought about by the efficient manner these Secretaries who have handled the development efforts and support services provided in the agrarian reform communities that displayed a bustling and empowered community.

As regards to Agrarian Justice Delivery (AJD), DAR has carried out two programs namely agrarian legal assistance (ALA) under the Bureau of Agrarian Legal Assistance and the adjudication of agrarian cases thru the DAR Adjudication Board (DARAB). From 2001 to 2009, it was a continuing program of agrarian justice delivery. Various mechanisms were instituted to reduce agrarian cases. 

The inventory of CARP scope project or ICS was started during Secretary Villa’s administration and continued by the administration of Secretary Pangandaman in order to determine the actual CARP scope of agricultural lands to be distributed. In addition, a task force on problematic landholdings was created to transform problematic landholdings into workable and achievable accomplishments.

Horacio R. Morales

sec hmorales

HORACIO R. MORALES, Secretary, DAR (July 1, 1998- February 11, 2001)

It was during the leadership of Secretary Morales that the field personnel were harassed by so many lawsuits filed by disgruntled landowners. Thus, the Agrarian Justice Delivery component was strengthened and enhanced by reinforcing the legal system in order to speed up the resolution of agrarian reform cases. Also, to support the DAR field personnel, the Agrarian Justice Fund and the Agrarian Justice Foundation were created.

With regards to land tenure improvement or LTI, private agricultural lands or PAL which consisted the bulk of agri-lands were to be distributed during Secretary Morales’ governance. To achieve its LAD targets, DAR established two task forces, by type of commodity planted in farm areas, i.e. coconut lands and sugar lands. The objective was to fast track distribution through these land types. Thus, a total of 333, 389 hectares of agricultural lands was distributed or a 9 percent share to the total accomplishment.

For the Program Beneficiaries Development component (PBD), the ARC convergence strategy among DAR, DA and DENR was pursued. This was when President Estrada approved the Convergence Strategy for Sustainable Development of the three agencies through Memorandum Circular No. 1 series of 1999. The DA’s Strategic Agricultural Fisheries Development Zones (SAFDZs), the DAR’s Agrarian Reform Communities (ARCs) and the DENR’s National Integrated Protected Areas (NIPAS) were consolidated to promote sustainable and integrated area development.

Ernesto D. Garilao

sec egarilao
 
ERNESTO D. GARILAO, Secretary, DAR (June 30, 1992-June 30, 1998)
 
Secretary Ernesto Garilao’s main thrust when he assumed office was to implement President Fidel Ramos’ goal to carry out a faster, fairer and more meaningful agrarian reform program. To facilitate this, various guidelines and procedures were formulated namely: (hyperlink to Issuances) DAR AO 2, Series of 1992; DAR AO 1, Series of 1993; DAR MC 7, Series of 1993; Joint DAR-LBP AO 3, Series of 1994; DAR AO 1, Series of 1995; DAR AO 2, Series of 1995; DAR AO 2, Series of 1996; DAR AO 4, Series of 1996; DAR AO 2, Series of 1997; and DAR AO 8, Series of 1997. Likewise, various guidelines on land acquisition and distribution (LAD) were revised in order to accelerate the pace of land distribution.
 
Notably, it was during Secretary Garilao’s leadership that DAR created the Agrarian Reform Communities (ARC) approach to Program Beneficiaries Development or PBD. It provided a window for viewing CARP impact on the lives of rural Filipinos. ARCs converted cold statistics into real indicators of equitable growth thru land tenure improvement and the delivery of basic support services. This caught the interests of other developed countries and many foreign assisted projects supported the DAR thru its ARCs in order to accelerate program implementation in the ARCs.
 
Further, Secretary Garilao pushed for energizing the bureaucracy by upgrading the DAR personnel thru its 3-year human resource development, thus enhancing the capabilities of line executives, middle managers and technical staff. There was also the development of performance contracting for better and clearer accountabilities by the provincial and regional offices.
 
Through his leadership and through his proactiveness during deliberations in Congress, the Agrarian Reform Fund Bill was approved into law (RA 8532, Series of 1998)
 
In a span of six years (1992-1998), Secretary Garilao’s administration was able to distribute a total of 1.9 million hectares of agricultural lands or 49% of the total CARP scope. It should be noted however, that around half of the lands distributed during his term were government owned lands or GOLs which did not require compensation from the government.